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Psychology of religion and its surrounding. Trends and themes

Sono disponibili le slide e lo schema della relazione dal titolo Psychology of religion and its surrounding. Trends and themes che i nostri soci Mario Aletti, Alessandro Antonietti e Daniela Villani hanno presentato al Convegno IAPR 2019 che si è tenuto a Danzica.

Abstract: In international congresses and scientific journals, as well as in textbooks, religion and spirituality are more and more often presented as similar research subjects. Both can be considered as meaning making systems which can lead to positive outcomes. Nevertheless, even if some practices - such as mindfulness and positive thinking - can be meant as components of the spiritual experience, they are not distinctive of the religious experience. Psychology of religion is conceived as a discipline interested in investigating the subjective experience of believers who seek to establish a relationship with the “transcendent” through institutionalized beliefs, worship, and behaviors. Psychological analysis of religious experience of believers involves an empirical observation (both etic and emic) of real and concrete cultural manifestations of religion. This means leaving aside general considerations on spirituality and instead entering churches, synagogues, and mosques to fully understand the situated subjective experience. In order to clarify similarities and differences between spirituality and religiosity, the paper discusses some critical issues: 1) the concept of transcendence as a relationship with a super-natural person vs as the attempt to overcome individual limits, 2) the definition of religion (substantive vs functional), 3) the methodological approaches (experimental research vs ecological observation).